Rosacea: An Introduction

Example 9

Alphagan P (0.15% brimonidine tartrate in isotonic saline and citrate buffer having a pH of 6.3 to 6.5) was supplied by Allergan, Inc. having the composition disclosed in Example 2 above. A study was conducted with four otherwise healthy persons who were independently diagnosed with phase II rosacea (characterized by transitory erythema of the mid-facial areas and early telangiectasis). All subjects followed a morning protocol of cleansing their face with soap and water. After a gentle towel drying and air drying, Alphagan-P was administered by gently rubbing onto areas of facial redness. The application area was again allowed to air dry without any dressing.

Subject 1 is a 59 year old woman with a ten year history of rosacea displaying symptoms of periodic redness flare-ups across her cheeks that usually runs a course of three to four weeks before subsiding under customary dermatological treatment. The subject showed an immediate improvement after the first morning application of Alphagan-P. All redness disappeared within 10 minutes and her face remained symptom free for the entire first day. Daily observation showed only mild return of redness after 24 hours. Continued daily use resulted in completely eliminating the redness due to rosacea in three days.

Subject 2 is a 54 year-old woman with an eight year history of rosacea who suffers from everyday facial redness across her cheeks with occasional severe flare-ups. The subject halted her customary daily dermatological treatment to try the protocol described above. The result was the same immediate removal of all redness within ten minutes. The dramatic improvement lasted most of the day with some mild redness re-occurring in the evening. For this subject, redness returned the next day. Continued daily use provided daily relief from redness.

Subject 3 is a 57 year-old man with a greater than ten-year history of rosacea displaying symptoms of redness of the cheeks and the nose. Although this subject's redness due to rosacea is always present, his general ruddy complexion and lack of concern allows him to forgo the daily use of customary dermatological treatment in favor of occasional, ad hoc treatments. A single morning trial of the Alphagan-P protocol described above resulted in dramatic daylong relief of redness.

Subject 4 is a woman in her early forties with a diagnosis of rosacea on her lower face and chin. Her condition includes some thickening of skin. Upon trying the protocol, redness was greatly reduced but not completely eliminated. Qualitatively the reduction was described as 80% less red. An additional observation of reduced skin thickening was reported.

These trials demonstrate that 0.15% brimonidine tartrate, when used in a daily morning protocol, dramatically eliminates or reduces redness due to rosacea. It is shown to be an effective treatment to greatly accelerate the arrest of a rosacea flare-up. It is further shown to be an effective daily treatment for chronic rosacea redness.

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